2.1 Operation support platform
2.1.1 National Engineering and Technology Digital Library
National Engineering and Technology Digital Library (www.21sz.org) is an online
library combining the alities of data processing, data storage and data
publication. Taking advantage of ISTIC's scientific, academic and Web resources,
the library is enabled to provide a range of customized services, including document
search, full-text delivery, resources navigation, knowledge service, scientific
evaluation, decision-making among others. It becomes a major channel through which
ISTIC provides its S&T information services to the users across the country.
In 2012, National Engineering and Technology Digital Library collected 55.69 million
entries of paper abstracts and 52.59 million full-text papers, with a citation volume
up to 118 million entries. The website was visited by 730,000 person-times with
up to 10.5 million page-views. Meanwhile, the library staged 26 rounds of training
events to get the users in Shandong, Tianjin, Henan, Ningxia, Jilin, Guizhou, Xinjiang
and Tibet familiarized with the digital library.
2.1.2 Chinese scientific and technical papers statistics and analysis
ISTIC developed a Chinese International Papers Database, based on the Chinese authors’
papers collected by major international databases, including Science Citation Index
(SCI), Engineering Index (EI) and Conference Proceedings Citation Index- Science
(CPCI-S, or ISTP for its former name). It also created a Chinese Scientific and
Technical Papers and Citations Database (CSTPCD) that collects the core scientific
and technical journals published across the country. ISTIC’s Derwent Chinese Patent
Database is built on the Chinese patents collected by the Derwent World Patents
Index (DWPI). Meanwhile, ISTIC developed a Chinese Scientific and Technical Papers
Statistics and Analysis Platform, based on the papers, citations, and patents it
has collected since 1987, in an effort to provide scientific and technical papers
and citations search services from multiple search fields, including institution,
geographical area, discipline, author, and journal, and make customized data search
services available for evaluation activities.
In 2012, ISTIC completed the phase-II development of Chinese Scientific and Technical
Papers Statistics and Analysis Platform that enjoys an optimized data processing
flow, an enhanced data quality control procedure, and raised data processing efficiency.
The platform is enabled to provide authoritative and accurate data services to innovation
bodies, including research institutions, universities, and journal publishers.
2.1.3 Patent Information Search and Analysis Platform of ISTIC
To delve into the substantive analysis of major industrial competitive intelligence,
ISTIC developed a range of analysis oriented patent databases on the patent data
about ten countries and two international organizations, and further processed the
patent data for key science and technology areas. ISTIC also developed a platform
of patent search and analysis to support information research.
In 2012, ISTIC continued to strengthen the processing and integration of patent
data, and the coverage of ISITC analysis oriented patent database was expanded to
include data on China, the United States, Japan, Germany, Russia, and the World
Intellectual Property Organization. Meanwhile, a range of industrial patent databases
have been created to facilitate patent searches in the areas of nanotechnology,
solar energy, electric vehicles, biomass, information technology, life sciences,
among others. To accommodate some special needs, ISTIC developed an array of tools
and support platforms, including the patent analysis system, the European Patent
Office patent data supplement tool, the European Patent Office patent data screening
tool, Chinese invention patent information maintenance system, and ISTIC patent
information retrieval and analysis platform.
2.1.4 China High-Level S&T Talents Information Network
To implement China’s medium and long term Talents development plan (2010-2020),
and to accommodate the strategic demands for innovation-oriented talents, ISTIC
established a China High-Level S&T Talent Information Network that collects
the information on high-caliber S&T talents through a scientific selecting process
that involves screening, evaluating, and data mining. The people recorded by the
database include the Supreme Science and Technology Award winners, and the winners
of first-class awards in China’s National Science and Technology Progress Award;
the winners of such honorary titles as Changjiang(Cheung Kong) Scholars, Outstanding
Young Scientists, and Hundred Talents; chief scientists of major national R and
D programs; and authors of excellent doctoral dissertations. The network is designed
with multi-dimensional search and statistical analysis capabilities, desirable for
high-caliber talents screening and assessment.
In 2012, ISTIC added to the database the information on some 3,000 talents, and
updated the information on existing 8,800 high-caliber talents, with a combined
total of 11,800 records on talents. Meanwhile, efforts have been made to collect
the information of 1,500 electric vehicle experts who are currently working at universities,
research institutions, factories, or automobile associations, in an attempt to provide
factual data for electric vehicle talents recruitment. In addition, a range of studies
have been made to develop the standards for sharing and evaluating S&T talents
information, including metadata, classification, identifiers, among others.
2.1.5 China Scientific and Technical Information Network
ISTIC took the lead in 2009 to establish China Scientific and Technical Information
Network (www. chinainfo.gov. cn) that combines the resources owned by local S&T
information institutions, in a move to enhance the research capability of ISTIC
and other S&T information institutions across the country, facilitating the
development of S&T information service industry, sharing research resources,
and maximizing the value of research outcomes. The membership based network is designed
with an exchange mechanism that allows research reports, newsletters and other research
information being shared among members, facilitating industrial surveys and the
creation of the needed databases for local tech industries and regional innovation.
The network becomes an S&T knowledge sharing platform that links S&T information
institutions across the country.
In 2012, ISTIC signed 34 contracts with member institutions on joint researches
in the areas of programmed machine tools, intelligent terminals, geothermal energy,
and electric vehicle lithium-ion batteries, among others. Joint researches also
involve other aspects, including technology selection for the development of emerging
industries of strategic importance at regional level, and the construction of information
application and service platforms for iron and steel patents and biomedical industry.
In the same year, efforts were made to explore a new business model that allows
more regional S&T information institutions to become the members of China Scientific
and Technical Information Network. Shandong Province set up a model to establish
a three-level (national, provincial and municipal) S&T information sharing network.
Shandong Provincial Institute of S&T Information signed in December 2012 a contract
with ISTIC to recruit local memberships for China Scientific and Technical Information
Network in 2013, which hallmarks the beginning of three-level S&T information
As of the end of 2012, the network has 34 member institutions. It collected newly
produced 1,180 research newsletters, with a combined total up to 3,774 in number,
and newly produced 648 research reports, or 1,795 for the combined total.
2.1.6 Scientific and Technical Novelty Search Sharing Platform
In collaboration with other S&T information institutions across the country,
ISTIC established a membership-based scientific and technical novelty search sharing
alliance, supported by a national factual database on novelty search and a national
scientific and technical novelty search sharing platform, in an effort to share
the factual data on novelty search resources in an effective and cooperative manner,
allowing novelty search playing a due role in reviewing new projects proposals,
assessing S&T results, and in evaluating and accepting the final results of
a project. The new system facilitates the exchanges and cooperation in the area,
ensuring the quality of novelty search and evaluation, and enhancing the self- discipline
of scientific and technical novelty search.
In 2012, ISTIC continued to work on the capacity building of national scientific
and technical novelty search sharing platform. Member institutions uploaded 260,000
new novelty search entries, making the combined total up to more than 270,000 entries.
The Alliance is currently working on the technical procedures and standards for
scientific and technical novelty search. In the same year, a seminar was held in
Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, to discuss how to improve scientific
and technical novelty search activities. Some 150 participants attended the meeting.
2.2 Information collection and service
2.2.1 Information collection
1) S&T Journals
In 2012, ISTIC purchased 4,267 titles of foreign journals, and made accessible to
7,800 titles of online foreign journals. Meanwhile, ISTIC collected 6,794 titles
of Chinese journals and subscribed to 9,200 titles of online Chinese journals.
2) Conference proceedings
In 2012, ISTIC continued to build up its stockpile of domestic and international
conference proceedings, making the total collection of conference proceedings up
to 117,487 in number, including the engineering conference proceedings released
by major domestic/foreign publishers and wellknown trade associations. ISTIC collected
in the year 2,360 Chinese conference proceedings, with a combined total of 64,197,
ranked first place in the country.
3) S&T reports
The US federal S&T Reports collected by ISTIC increased smoothly. In 2012, ISTIC
collected 43,000 copies of US federal S&T Reports either through purchase or through
exchanges. As a result, ISTIC’s possession of these reports reached 1.3 million
As a major purchaser and a mirror site of ProQuest Research Library, ISTIC added
in 2012 some 22,729 foreign dissertations to its collection. Meanwhile, it collected
195,000 new Chinese dissertations. The addition makes ISTIC's total collection of
dissertations reach 2.1 million in number. ISTIC’s collection of Chinese scientific
and technical dissertations ranks first in the country.
5) Patent documents
ISTIC procured in 2012 approximately 1.22 million patent documents on four countries
and two international organizations, including the United States, UK, Germany, France,
the World Patent Organization, and the European Patent Office. The addition made
ISTIC’s collection of patent documents up to 24.61 million in number.
6) Scientific and technical archives
In 2012, ISTIC continued to archive the documents and records of major national
R and D programs, including the National Torch Program, the New Products Program,
among many others. It collected in the year some 50,000 documents and records stemmed
from scientific or technical projects, which enriched ISTIC's varieties of collections.
7) Academicians’ works
Under a joint initiative of the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Chinese
Academy of Engineering, ISTIC established in June 2004 a special library to collect
academicians’ works. As of the end of 2012, the library has collected nearly 5,600
monographs, more than 100,000 academic papers and some 1,000 objects donated by
1,100 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering or the Chinese Academy
The library has been assigned the title of “ patriotism education center” in the
Haidian District of Beijing. In 2012, the library staged six rounds of academician
lectures. It becomes well-known not only for the largest collection and display
of academicians’ works in the country, but also for its promotion of academician
ship and diffusion of scientific knowledge.
2.2.2 Information Service
ISTIC is a mainstream organization that provides scientific information support
and service to users across the country. It makes available to users a full range
of services, including information search, document delivery, resources navigation,
knowledge service, scientific assessment, decision-making information, through its
website window of National Engineering and Technology Digital Library.
In 2012, ISTIC, as a member library of National Science and Technology Library (NSTL),
completed the delivery of 151,249 documents through NSTL’s and ISTIC's websites,
and made 4,440 document searches or borrowings on behalf of users. It also provided
reference and consultation services to 7,249 person-times.
2.3 Information research and service
2.3.1 Studies of the S&T development strategies in other countries
ISTIC is mandated to track the latest global trends in scientific and technological
development and innovation, including new insights, new concepts and new ideas,
and study major national or regional science and technology promotion endeavors
that involve strategic planning, programs, policies, by-laws, systems, investment,
and personnel. ISTIC releases on a regular basis a series of publications for the
purpose, including Science and Technology Courier, Global S&T Investment Newsletter,
and Global S&T Personnel Newsletter, among others. It also created a support platform
for studying S&T innovation activities and associated decision-making processes
in other countries. The platform collects, processes, and analyzes the information
on S&T strategies, policies and projects staged in other countries under a unified
framework. The findings and results derived from the studies would be used to support
relevant decision making activities, and archived for future reference.
In 2012, ISTIC compiled and published 80 issues of Science and Technology Courier
which are submitted to State Council, Ministry of Science and Technology, and local
science and technology authorities on a regular basis. It also published 24 issues
of Global S&T Investment Newsletter, and 22 issues of Global S&T Personnel Newsletter.
In the same year, an International Science and Technology Development Report-2012
was released with complimentary copies sent to the delegates of the National People’s
Congress and the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. The results
stemmed from these tracking studies have attracted the attention of a range of government
agencies, including the Ministry of Science and Technology, the CPC Central Committee
Organization Department, the Ministry of Finance, the National Development and Reform
Commission, among others, and became a major reference that helps government agencies
and S&T community understand the dynamic scientific and technological developments
in the world.
2.3.2 Assessment of S&T activities
Efforts have been made to analyze the current status, developments and future trends
of S&T activities in a given nation, region, industry, or discipline, and assess
China’s scientific and technological advancement, innovation capability, and international
status, based on factual innovation data, including papers, patents, and market
information, using both qualitative and quantitative methodologies.
In 2012, ISTIC released a number of study reports to discuss China’s regional scientific
and technological innovation capability, Chinese enterprises’ innovation capability,
and China’s regional capability of diffusing scientific knowledge, including China’s
Regional Invention Patent Statistical Analysis Report - Five Emerging Industrial
Technologies as Examples. These reports laid a solid scientific foundation for formulating
S&T policies and plans.
2.3.3 S&T policies and management
ISTIC has launched a range of initiatives to study S&T development strategy, macromanagement,
S&T system reform, S&T programs management, international S&T cooperation, and S&T
resources sharing patterns, mechanisms and policies, among others, in an effort
to provide information support to decision makers.
In 2012, ISTIC worked on a variety of topics, including S&T management systems and
mechanisms in typical nations, an indicator system for measuring an innovation-oriented
country, region, or city, industrial tech innovation alliance, management and spin-off
of the findings or results derived from foreign government funded research projects,
management of major national S&T programs, collaborations between industry, universities
and research institutes under the National S&T Support Program, domestic and foreign
S&T personnel policies, assessment of S&T information resources sharing, and proven
practices applied in assessing major national S&T projects. ISTIC released in the
year a study report on the management of China’s major earmark S&T projects, and
a study report on collaborations between industry, universities and research institutes
under the National S&T Support Program, provided the needed information to government
2.3.4 In-depth Analysis of National Key S&T Areas
ISTIC made a range of in-depth studies to understand the S&T policies and financial
input-output in selected tech fields, including biotechnology, energy, new materials,
advanced manufacturing, information technology, agriculture, marine technology,
new energy vehicles, etc. The research analyzed and studied the current situation,
development modes, and future development trends of these fields, based on patent
analysis, field investigations, and experts panels. There are a lot of strategy
oriented proposals on the future development of these fields published every year.
In 2012, ISTIC studied the latest technological developments in the fields of high-end
manufacturing equipment, energy and climate change, nanotechnology, printed electronics
and new energy vehicles, etc., and released the research reports concerning high-end
manufacturing equipment, electric vehicle, information technology, printing electronics,
nanotechnology, energy, and climate change. ISTIC also compiled and published six
issues of Development Trends of Major Tech Fields.
2.3.5 Industrial competitive intelligence study
Industrial competitive intelligence is the dynamic and responsive information collected
to show the competitive edges of a given industry, in an attempt to enhance the
competitiveness of a given industry in a nation or a region. It mainly aims at a
group of enterprises in a given industry, providing competitive intelligence support
to the development of the industry as a whole. It makes a supplement to the competitive
intelligence deficiency in the current international competitive environment. In
this context, industrial competitive intelligence study makes a meaningful support
to industrial innovations.
In 2012, ISTIC improved the methodologies applied in multi-source data based industrial
competitive intelligence analysis, and released two study reports: Major Foreign
Wind Power Equipment Makers in 2012 and Technological Competitiveness of IT Industry
in 2012. Using the basic industrial competitive intelligence theory and multi-source
data based composite analysis method, the reports are prepared to show the competitive
edges of wind energy and new generation IT industries.
2.4 Scientific and Technical papers analysis and journals evaluation
2.4.1 Scientific and Technical papers statistics and analysis
ISTIC started to work on the statistical analysis of Chinese scientific and technical
papers in 1987, based on Science Citation Index (SCI), Engineering Index (EI), Conference
Proceedings Citation Index-Science (CPCI-S, or ISTP for its former name) and ISTIC's
own Chinese Scientific and Technical Papers and Citations Database (CSTPCD). The
analysis would show the numbers of Chinese scientific papers published in major
Chinese or foreign journals and associated citations by country, region, discipline,
or institution in an accurate and scientific manner. The results stemmed from the
statistical analysis can be used to make an objective and fair assessment of the
total numbers of Chinese scientific papers published, their impact and position
in the world, and their disciplinary strength in the context of international comparison,
providing information support to S&T activities management and serving as a reference
to scientific and technological innovations. ISTIC would each year release to the
public through press conference a report on the statistics and analysis of Chinese
2.4.2 Journals evaluation
ISTIC makes a comprehensive assessment of Chinese journals using an ISTIC indicator
system made up of some 20 indicators, including impact factor, total citations,
among others, in a bid to understand the academic level, quality and impact of Chinese
journals in an objective manner. Each year ISTIC would sort out source journals,
or core journals, from some 6,000 titles of Chinese journals. ISTIC would publish
each year an annual edition of Chinese S&T Journal Citation Reports, serving as
a useful guide for the development of Chinese scientific journals, and an important
reference for S&T personnel, administrators and publishers to understand and assess
Chinese scientific journals.
The 2012 edition of Chinese S&T Journal Citation Reports was released in December
2012. The report screened out through more than 20 bibliometric indicators 1,998
titles of major Chinese scientific journals covering 61 disciplines.
2.5 National science and technology reports system
National science and technology reports system is designed to describe a process
that involves S&T personnel’s engagement in research, design, engineering, experiment
and evaluation activities, its progress and results. Such reports, featured with
informative, high tech content and timeliness, are prepared in a prescribed format.
S&T reports constitute a national strategic resource that provides valid bibliographic
reference and information to researchers on the one hand, and makes factual information
available to S&T authorities allowing them to refine the management process and
avoid duplicated funding of the same projects on the other.
The establishment of a national science and technology report system, though complex
and difficult in nature, makes a strategic and basic component of innovation activities
and the national innovation system. Under the guidance of the Ministry of Science
and Technology (MOST), MOST Dept. of Development and Planning and ISTIC established
a joint office for the development of national science and technology reports system.
The joint office, physically located at the complex of ISTIC, works on the national
science and technology reports system on behalf of the Ministry of Science and Technology.
In 2012, ISTIC assigned full-time staff to work on the report system. ISTIC and
MOST Dept. of Development and Planning co-sponsored a range of seminars and experts
meeting to discuss the matters concerning the establishment of the report system.
Stemmed from the meetings are an array of top-level design plans, including an implementation
plan for establishing the national science and technology report system, a framework
design plan for the report system, and a demonstration plan. ISTIC also started
to revise the related national standards on S&T report preparing, report numbering
and confidential coding. Meanwhile, efforts have been made to organize experts to
prepare the needed training materials, including domestic S&T report samples, technical
report rewriting samples, and U.S. full text science report samples.
2.6 National database for S&T achievements transformation projects
Information on S&T achievements transformation is important for people to perform
the technology transformation activities. ISTIC has been working on a wide range
of related activities, including standardizing China S&T Achievements Database,
improving the collection and processing of S&T achievements, maturity assessment,
and tracking the S&T achievements that have been transformed, with an effort to
provide S&T achievements search and statistical analysis services to government
agencies, venture capitals, lending banks, and the public.
ISTIC has made years’ effort to track transformable S&T achievements in a long-term.
With the help of market force, it created China S&T Achievements Database containing
about 900,000 items. In 2012, ISTIC started to build National database for S&T achievements
transformation projects based on the previous efforts, at the request of the Ministry
of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Finance. It has worked out the general
plan for the database, and screened out 37,868 transformable projects funded from
major S&T programs during the 11th five-year plan, including the National 863 Program,
National Key Technology R&D Program, Torch Program, Innovation Fund for Small Technology-based
Firms, National Key New Products Program, Spark Program, among others. It has also
completed the design of online filling-out system, the development of online reporting,
information search, intellectual property rights management, and so on.
2.7 IT applications and services
ISTIC completed in the 1980s the compilation of a Chinese Thesaurus, the first of
its kind in the country, and won in 1985 a 2ndclass National Science and Technology
Progress Award. ISTIC had the Chinese Thesaurus revised in 1991. An update was initiated
in 2009 to make the engineering part of the Thesaurus online friendly. Meanwhile,
ISTIC developed a joint platform to add more s to the Chinese Thesaurus,
including synonymous words search, vocabulary attributes tagging, inter-words relationship
processing, vocabulary retrieval, sub-logic checks, among others.
In 2012, ISTIC continued to work on the compilation of the engineering part of the
Chinese Thesaurus, and perfect the terminology processing platform with a range
of additional alities, including attributes editing, logical error control,
allocation of tasks, table merging, cross words checking and correction, among others.
Meanwhile, efforts have been made to constantly update Thesaurus categories based
on the results of statistical analysis. The compilation has entered the final stage,
presaging the official release of the new Chinese Thesaurus.
2.7.2 Chinese S&T Vocabulary System
Chinese S&T terminology system is a new knowledge organizing system built on Chinese
thesaurus. It creates a disciplinary knowledge system based on concepts, conceptual
meanings, and the relationships between concepts, desirable for the handling and
analysis of massive information flows. ISTIC proposed in 2006 the concept of Chinese
S&T terminology system, and initiated the theoretical and methodological study of
the system, with new energy vehicle as a sample domain. ISTICscientists have developed
the applications for monitoring and evaluation, in-depth patent analysis, industrial
knowledge management, among others.
In 2012, Chinese S&T Terminology System (new energy vehicle volume) was published.
ISTIC's project of knowledge organization system integration and service for new
energy vehicles won a 2nd-Class China Machinery Industry Award in the same year.
Meanwhile, ISTIC completed the draft of Chinese S&T Vocabulary System for four other
domains, including new generation industrial biotechnology, smart materials and
structures, major natural disaster monitoring and prevention, and new energy, and
developed a comprehensive wording database to aid the creation of Chinese S&T Terminology
2.7.3 Language and knowledge technologies
Both language and knowledge technologies are the basic technical components needed
for processing and handling S&T information. ISTIC has developed a range of such
technologies, including machine translation, multilingual information organization,
cross-language information retrieval, automated multilingual text summarization,
among others, to facilitate S&T information processing, handling and services.
In 2012, ISTIC continued to work on the applications of machine translation of multilingual
S&T information, semantic association, and cross-language information retrieval,
and enhanced the experimental operations of the cross-language information retrieval
platform. Meanwhile, ISTIC developed a prototype system for Chinese-Japanese information
retrieval and classification, and translated Japanese S&T terminologies into Chinese,
facilitating the development of a machine translation engine for Chinese-Japanese
translation and Chinese-Japanese information retrieval.
2.7.4 NSTL technical support and services
As the first institution that introduced Internet technology and applications to
China's S&T information industry, ISTIC enjoys a nice network environment that connects
to China Telecom, China Unicom, and CERNET (China Education and Research Network).
Its data center is accommodated with a storage capacity up to 300TB, fed with 94.65
million entries, which makes the center the largest of its kind in China’s S&T information
ISTIC is a core member institution of National Science and Technology Library (NSTL),
responsible for the development of NSTL Information Service Platform, and network
operations, services, and security.
In 2012 , ISTIC completed the architectural upgrading of NSTL
network. It put into operation 9 new NSTL service stations and subscriber management
platforms, and opened 24 service outlets, facilitated full-time information search
and document delivery services across the country.